The Paris Agreement, signed in 2015 by 196 countries, is a global effort to combat climate change through reducing greenhouse gas emissions. One sector that has been a challenge in this effort is international shipping, which accounts for around 2% of global emissions.
In 2018, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted a strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from ships by at least 50% by 2050, compared to 2008 levels. This strategy includes measures such as improving energy efficiency, using new technologies, and developing low-carbon fuels.
However, the Paris Agreement sets a goal of limiting global temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, with a preferred target of 1.5°C. To achieve this goal, all sectors need to reduce emissions, including international shipping.
The Paris Agreement does not directly address international shipping, but it does call for countries to set and update their own targets for reducing emissions, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Countries are encouraged to include emissions from international transport, including shipping, in their NDCs.
The IMO`s strategy is a step in the right direction, but more needs to be done to align with the goals of the Paris Agreement. The IMO has been criticized for being slow to act on emissions from shipping, and some environmental groups have called for more ambitious targets.
The shipping industry itself is also taking action, with some companies committing to reducing emissions and investing in low-carbon technologies. But there is still a lack of transparency and accountability in the industry, with many companies not reporting their emissions.
In conclusion, while the IMO`s strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from ships is a positive step, it is important to ensure that it aligns with the goals of the Paris Agreement. More transparency and accountability is needed in the shipping industry, and countries should include emissions from international shipping in their NDCs. Only then can we effectively combat climate change and protect our planet for future generations.